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Other Articles By Candace Chellew-Hodge:

Reclaiming Our Spiritual Center

We cannot transform our social system without attending to our own spiritual transformation. We cannot hope to make progress in the social sphere without actively seeking progress in the spiritual sphere. This does not mean that we all become screaming Jesus freaks. It simply means that the center of our lives rests in the strength, peace, justice and mercy of the living, active, creating God that is the very ground of our being.

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Book Review: Reshaping Power
A Review of "Why Bush Must Go"

by: Candace Chellew-Hodge

With a title like "Why Bush Must Go," you might expect The Right Reverend Bennett J. Sims' book to be a political screed, filled with rants about how horribly our president has led this country through days filled with terror and war. That's what I expected. My assumption was happily wrong.

After reading such political screeds like "Bushwhacked" by Molly Ivins (which was redeemed by some very hands-on ideas for change), "Dude Where's My Country," by Michael Moore (who grows more didactic by the day), "Lies and the Lying Liars Who Tell Them" by Al Franken (which is at least funny when it's not maddening), and "Against All Enemies" by Richard A. Clarke (an incredibly gripping inside story of our current administration's myopic view of Iraq and the world), the book by the retired bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Atlanta was a breath of fresh air. Instead of lambasting the president, as these books proudly do, Sims lays out a reasoned, theologically sound argument against the kind of leadership the current administration practices, instead of attacking specific policies or the president's personal character.

Please don't misunderstand me. I am no fan of our current resident of the Oval Office. I long for the day when he is no longer in power. So does Sims, but instead of an 'anyone but Bush' outcome, what Sims truly longs for is a fundamental change in philosophy among our country's leaders.

Sims sees our current leaders as practicing unilateral leadership, "the top-down, tight-box command style." Instead, Sims believes our country, as well as our world, would be a better, non-violent place if leaders of all stripes practiced a relational style of leadership that he has dubbed "Servant Leadership." Instead of "top-down," Servant Leadership "takes roughly the shape of a circular network, with the leader as the focus of shared authority and responsive to the automatic feedback loops that are part of the structure of the arrangement. William L. Ury contrasts the two models in a vivid sentence: 'Pyramids are held together by coercion; networks are held together by mutual consent.'"

Sims admits that Servant Leadership, while greatly admired, is the least practiced form of management, but he insists that "Servant Leaders are the people who can pull the world back to sanity - back from the teetering brink of weaponized self-destruction under bellicose unilateral American leadership."

Instead of using our power to dominate, Sims envisions American leaders using their power "to make a difference." Sims points to Jesus as the embodiment of such leadership, always using his power to serve and exalt others instead of himself. He calls it a "theological truth: that God in the revelation of Jesus is not a divine dominator, not a manipulator, and never a high-and-mighty self-serving subjugator," but is instead a Servant to all.

Sims is optimistic that there is a growing spiritual tide rising against the dominating powers ruling our nation and the world today. He believes that people are coming around and realizing that violence and war cause more problems than they will ever solve. The secret to defeating these powers, he believes, is by mobilizing "the moderate middle" where opposition is growing to the current administration's policies.

"This phenomenon seems to me clearly a fresh power up from the depths of our collective unconscious, born of a new certainty that at this juncture of history the violence of the ages has reached such a pitch of lethal menace that, facing the possible incineration of our home base in the cosmos, we must either grow up or blow up.

"Instantly this means that Servant power has moved from option to necessity."

That Servant power will be a non-violent power, according to Sims, a power that seeks to empower others instead of the ruling party and its members. It's a vision that's easy to dismiss as pie-in-the-sky, touchy-feely idealistic liberalism. Of course it is, Sims responds.

"Ideals are what energize the human spirit. If nonviolence were not an ideal, we could not use it."

It is the erosion of such high-minded ideals, Sims posits, that has led us to the endless cycle of violence and destruction we are in presently. For those instinctively crying out against the erosion of nonviolent ideas Sims believes we must die to our old way of viewing power and "rising to a new way of being a human family in the intricately interwoven web of life." That means simplifying our lifestyles, reinventing industries and fuel sources, doing away with special interest groups that fund and drive our politics, disavowing war and embracing all humanity as valuable.

This is the real struggle, in Sims' view - not a struggle between communism and capitalism, but a struggle between competitive domination and collaborative partnership. Sims has reason to hope that the former is dying while the latter is rising as people begin to realize that "violence as a problem solver is totally bankrupt."

As a means to incorporating this idealistic thought into the church, Sims offers an appendix with a twelve-step spiritual discipline and a litany for envisioning a new world that churches can use to begin to infuse their congregation with the idealistic notion that a nonviolent world would be a more peaceful, personally empowering world.

In the end, what Sims urges us to do is live into our best nature, to strive to live out our tendency as human beings to seek out the will of our higher instincts - to serve rather than to oppress, to help rather than hinder, to heal rather than harm. Sims asks us to dream our wildest dreams about peace and collaborative power, and then move to put them into action, at the voting booth, in our churches, in our jobs and in our spiritual lives. He's optimistic because he believes human beings, though dragged down by the thrall of violence, will one day grow into its natural, mature, nonviolent nature. Sims believes we cannot help but do these things.

"The human spirit goes for great dreams not because they are plausible, but because they are irresistible."

May our resistance soon come to an end.

Candace Chellew-Hodge is a recovering Southern Baptist and founder/editor of Whosoever: An Online Magazine for GLBT Christians. She is an ordained minister and holds a master's in theological studies from the Candler School of Theology at Emory University in Atlanta, Ga., and is a spiritual director trained through the Episcopal Diocese of Atlanta. She has worked for the past two decades in journalism and public relations. She can be reached at

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